Companies include what they are looking for in a position description (PD). They also typically provide more context at the start of the interview; don’t place yourself in a position where you zone out at the start; listen carefully for this guidance.

Interviewers typically provide clues throughout; what are their pain points, what is it they want the candidate to fix.

The interesting thing about a PD is that they frequently contain either superfluous information or doesn’t reflect what the hiring manager actually wants.

This would be the case where HR dusts down an old PD and posts it with little consultation. 

Yes, companies want skills, experience, and in many cases, education.

Overall, there is little to compete with a great attitude and work ethic.